Cathy Day’s principles of Literary Citizenship


Sometimes I talk about these principles at writer-type gatherings.

Cross Post Alert: I published some initial thoughts and principles about literary citizenship, in March 2011 over at The Bird Sisters, writer Rebecca Rasmussen’s blog dedicated to artists and writers. I got a lot of my ideas from this post on the Brevity blog.

Literary Citizenship

I’ve been teaching creative writing for almost twenty years now, and here’s something I’ve observed: what brings most people to the creative writing classroom or the writing conference isn’t simply the desire to “be a writer,” but rather (or also) the desire to be a part of a literary community.
Deep down, we know that not everyone who signs up for the class or the conference will become a traditionally published writer. Well, so what? What if they become agents, editors, publishers, book reviewers, book club members, teachers, librarians, readers, or parents of all of the above?

My students attend MFA programs, yes, and they publish, yes, but they aren’t my only “success stories.” Some are literary agents; in fact, Rebecca’s agent, Michelle Brower, is a former student of mine. They subscribe to lots of literary magazines. They have founded and edit magazines, too. They’re editors. They write for newspapers and work in arts administration. They maintain blogs. They review books. They volunteer at literary festivals. They participate in community theatre. They become teachers who teach creative writing. Most importantly, they are lifelong readers.
How do I know all this? Well, there’s this thing called Facebook…
Lately, I’ve started thinking that maybe the reason I teach creative writing isn’t just to create writers, but also to create a populace that cares about reading. There are many ways to lead a literary life, and I try to show my students simple ways that they can practice what I call “literary citizenship.” I wish more aspiring writers would contribute to, not just expect things from, that world they want so much to be a part of.
Here are a few of my working principles of Literary Citizenship: 

1.)   Write “charming notes” to writers. (I got this phrase from Carolyn See.) Anytime you read something you like, tell the author. Send them an email. Friend them on Facebook or follow them on Twitter. Not all writers are reachable, so you might have to write an old fashioned letter and send it to the publisher or, if they teach somewhere, to their university address. You don’t have to gush or say something super smart. Just tell them you read something, you liked it. They may not respond, but believe me, they will read it.
2.)   Interview writers. Take charming notes a step farther and ask the writer if you can do an interview. These days, they’re usually done via email. Approach this professionally, even if you are a fan. Write up questions (I prefer getting one question at a time, but some prefer getting them all at once). Let the writer talk. Writers love to talk. Submit the interview to an appropriate print or online magazine. Spread the word. There are many, many outlets, some paying. I really like the interviews published by Fiction Writer’s Review, like this one.
3.)   Talk up (informally) or review (formally) books you like. Start with your personal network. Then say something on Goodreads. Then or B&N. Then try starting a book review blog. Or a book review radio show, like a former student of mine, Sarah Blake. Submit your reviews to newspapers and magazines, print or online. God knows, the world needs more book reviewers. Robin Becker at Penn State and Irina Reyn at Pitt are just two writer/teacher/reviewers I know of who actively teach their students how to write and publish book reviews. Remember: no matter what happens to traditional publishing, readers will always need trusted filters to help them know what is worth paying attention to and what’s not. Become that trusted filter. 

4.)   If you want to be published in journals, you must read and support them. Period. If it’s a print journal, subscribe. If it’s an online journal, talk them up, maybe even volunteer to read. One of my favorite writers, Dan Chaon, had this to say about journals: The writing community is full of lame-o people who want to be published in journals even though they don’t read the magazines that they want to be published in. These people deserve the rejections that they will undoubtedly receive, and no one should feel sorry for them when they cry about how they can’t get anyone to accept their stories. You can read his incredibly practical advice here

5.)   If you want to publish books, buy books. I don’t want to fight about big-box stores (evil!) vs. indie bookstores (good!) or about libraries (great!) or how truly broke you are (I know! I’ve been there, too!) or which e-reader is “better” for the writer or the independent book seller (argh!). I just want you to buy books. Period. It makes me angry to see the lengths relatively well-off people will go to avoid buying a book. Especially considering how much they are willing to spend on entertainment, education, or business-related expenses. If you’re a writer, you can file a Schedule C: Profit or Loss from a Business, and books and magazine subscriptions are tax deductible.
6.)   Be passionate about books and writing, because passion is infectious. When I moved back home again to Indiana this past summer, my husband and I set out to buy bookshelves. The first furniture store we entered didn’t even carry bookshelves, the second carried only a single type, and the third (which we bought, because they were on sale) were really intended to be decorative shelves, not book shelves. Mind you, I wasn’t really surprised by this. I grew up here, after all. If you find yourself in a literary desert, rather than fuss and complain about it, create an oasis.Maintain a library in your home. Share books with your friends, co-workers, children, and community. Start a book club. Start a writing group. Volunteer to run a reading series at your local library. Take a picture of your bookshelves and put them on Facebook. Commit to buying 20 books a year for the rest of your life.
Question: What is the secret to getting published?
Answer: Learn your craft, yes. But also, work to create a world in which literature can thrive and is valued.

21 Comments on “Cathy Day’s principles of Literary Citizenship”

  1. […] found that whenever I talk about my principles of literary citizenship–in classes and at events–people get excited. They feel empowered, not put upon. Maybe […]

  2. lindaktaylor says:

    Reblogged this on Linda Taylor's Blog and commented:
    It’s been a little over a week since the Midwest Writers Workshop, held annually here in Muncie, Indiana, sent many writers back to their computers to hone their craft. One thing about this particular conference is our focus on helping our attendees not only learn more about their craft, but also to become good literary citizens. What does that mean? Although I wrote much about this topic early this year on my blog, I offer you Cathy Day’s latest post on her Literary Citizenship website as a great reminder to all of us writers that we need one another.

  3. L. Marie says:

    Great tips! I would add “start blogging.” I was reluctant to blog, but I started this year (2013), I did as you mentioned–I interviewed authors. I’ve always loved books and love talking with writers about their process.

  4. Great article! I had no idea I can write off my book purchases. The only thing I have a problem with is your suggestion to buy 20 books per year. That would be a huge cut back for me 😉

  5. ddrespling says:

    Great article! I had no idea I can write off my book purchases! The only thing I have a problem with is your suggestion to buy 20 books per year. That would be a huge cut back for me 😉

  6. Ken says:

    I’m pleased to say that I am pretty good with respect to Ms. Day’s points. Almost a year ago, I started a writing craft site for which I write essays isolating lessons in craft from all kinds of great works. In case you’re curious, it’s

  7. […] In 2008, I changed my last lecture from “How to submit your work” to “How to be a literary citizen.” These are the basic principles. […]

  8. […] “Literary citizens work to create a world in which literature can thrive and is valued.”  — […]

  9. nola caslin says:

    This article is fantastic! It is so true that we all need to play a role in the literary community. This has inspired me to e-mail an author that I have always admired me just to let them know how much I enjoyed their work. It is the responsibility of us as lovers of literature to not only put forth our own work into the field, but keep up with and complement that of others.

  10. […] 1. “[…]work to create a world in which literature can thrive and is valued.” — […]

  11. […] engaging with the idea of “literary citizenship” – a common trope in creative writing communities – has also helped me to more fully realize what it means to […]

  12. […] go along with the sort of “brand” they’re creating of themselves. Then, following principles of literary citizenship, we’ve talked about how the best way to “network” is not to “network” […]

  13. […] Source: Cathy Day’s principles of Literary Citizenship […]

  14. […] summer session.  She then suggested that because I was the Director, I should teach the class (the class she developed) on Literary Citizenship and that the students could be the interns at MWW. I nearly uttered my […]

  15. […] that principal to know? If you wanted that principal to know how passionate you are about reading, are you a literary citizen online? If you want to keep your professional and personal lives completely separate, does your current […]

  16. […] the community of writers, readers, and editors that I have come to truly appreciate is the sense of literary citizenship. In a world that values competition over collaboration, the idea of literary citizenship offers a […]

  17. […] a good literary citizen. Others have written extensively about this, but I’ll add that it’s the primary way networking […]

  18. […] on this year is writing more non-fiction pieces. In particular, I want to focus this writing on literary citizenship work. I wrote a bit about this in 2017. And I have been doing some of that here by highlighting short […]

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